Finance is the life blood of economies in the world as it deals with investments, financial assets, currency and stock markets among other things. It encompasses financial services offered by both public and private finance. Public finance includes government expenditure, taxation and budgets while private finance deals with corporate and personal finance.
There are different finance houses in economies such as banks, microfinance companies and stock exchanges. Financial innovation brought up different products into the systems for example mortgages, retirement planning, online foreign exchange markets and online gaming such as maplecasino. Financial markets move billions of US dollars across the world, especially on stock exchange markets.
Every government regulates its financial market in order to avoid market failures due to dubious financial practices with can be undertaken within the economy. Some financial instruments can be sold on both money and capital markets. Money markets only deal with short financial instrument with a life span of 0 – 1 year. On the other hand, capital markets deal with financial instruments with a life span of 1 year and above.
Corporate finance is the most studied area as it deals the finance of companies. It studies and determines how certain companies manage their finances and how they raise capital. A finance manager is responsible to come with ways to raise capital to purchase assets or working capital. Most companies get their financial support from banks in the form of a loan
On an individual basis, every person manages his or her finance through budgeting. This helps an individual to plan for their spending in both a long-term and a short-term context. Knowledge of finance is becoming more and more important due to an increase in the number of financial products being sold by finance houses. These products include personal loans, credit cards, debit cards house, life and car insurances. And no, real money online casino games are not a financial product although the jackpot being won daily clearly show that they are worthwhile investment.